Category Archives: Database Tuning

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SQL Is More than Just Store and Retrieve

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I often work with programmers to build applications. It never ceases to amaze me that many programmers look at SQL as a store and retrieve mechanism and see nothing more. Their approach is to write programming code for all their logic. It’s not just a matter of programmers being unable to write complex SQL. It’s also a matter of them not imagining what is possible.

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Please Index Foreign Keys


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In the database literature, the lore has been to first design a schema and then predict the query mix to decide on a tuning strategy. This approach can work, but it is risky and error prone. A small misjudgment of the query mix can lead to vastly inferior performance. For many applications a better strategy is to index every foreign key. That is often sufficient and further tuning is unnecessary.

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Ten Guidelines For Database Performance

DTM Zandvoort

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That’s what we often tell our clients. If you build a database properly, performance will be fast for 80% of applications. The remaining 20% are outside the scope of this article – they have complex issues such as large schema, massive data, multi-user contention, and intricate logic.

Here are ten guidelines that developers can use to obtain good database performance. The guidelines apply to the day-to-day operational systems that run on a relational database.

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